How to check Quality of organic Compost | Compost Quality Checking tips.

Organic compost
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Organic compost is an essential component for healthy soil and plant growth. It is a natural fertilizer that improves soil structure, enriches soil with nutrients, and enhances soil’s water retention capacity. However, not all compost is created equal, and the quality of organic compost can vary significantly depending on the production process, raw materials used, and the degree of decomposition. In this blog post, we will discuss how to check the quality of organic compost and what factors to consider when selecting compost for your garden or farm.

1.Appearance and Texture

The first step in assessing the quality of organic compost is to look at its appearance and texture. Good quality compost should have a dark brown color, crumbly texture, and a pleasant earthy smell. If the compost has a foul odor, is slimy or clumpy, or has visible chunks of undecomposed material, it may not be fully matured or may contain contaminants such as pathogens or toxic substances. Good quality compost should also be relatively fine in texture, with few large particles or sticks.

2.Nutrient Content

The nutrient content of organic compost is another crucial factor to consider when evaluating its quality. The three primary nutrients that plants require are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Good quality compost should have a balanced nutrient ratio, with an ideal nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium ratio of 3:1:2. The nutrient content of compost can be tested using a soil test kit or by sending a sample to a laboratory for analysis.

3.pH Level

The pH level of compost is also important to consider. The ideal pH level for most plants is between 6.0 and 7.0. Compost that is too acidic or alkaline can negatively impact plant growth and nutrient uptake. You can test the pH level of compost using a soil test kit or a pH meter.

4.Microbial Activity

The Microbial activity of compost is an essential indicator of its quality. Good quality compost should be teeming with beneficial microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. These microorganisms play a vital role in decomposing organic matter, releasing nutrients, and suppressing plant diseases. You can check the microbial activity of compost by observing the presence of earthworms, fungi, and other microorganisms in the compost.

5.Maturity Level

The maturity level of compost is another critical factor to consider when assessing its quality. Compost that is not fully matured can be too hot and contain high levels of ammonia or other toxic substances. On the other hand, over-matured compost may have lost most of its nutrients and microbial activity. Good quality compost should be fully matured, with a pleasant earthy smell, a crumbly texture, and a relatively neutral pH level.

6.Raw Materials Used

The raw materials used in the production of compost can also impact its quality. Good quality compost should be made from a variety of organic materials such as vegetable and fruit scraps, yard waste, and manure. Avoid using raw materials that may contain contaminants such as pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals. The source of the raw materials should also be considered, as compost made from industrial waste or sewage sludge may not be suitable for organic farming or gardening.

also read : Benefits of composting.

Conclusion

In conclusion, checking the quality of organic compost is an essential step in ensuring healthy soil and plant growth. The appearance and texture, nutrient content, pH level, microbial activity, maturity level, and raw materials used are all factors to consider when selecting compost for your garden or farm. By choosing high-quality compost, you can enrich your soil with nutrients, improve soil structure, and promote healthy plant growth without the use of harmful chemicals.

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Top 5 Composting techniques | Waste to Compost Guide

top 5 best Composting methods

Top 5 Composting techniques which is easy to convert wet waste into useful compost.

compost techniques

There are so many Composting techniques available in market, people are confusing or consider waste to compost is very difficult task, so it is not Easy way, but today in this post I am going to tell you top 5 Composting techniques that we can do compost with easy way and it will be simple or sustainable solutions.

before to know more about composting you should know some basic of Composting, why should we do Compost, Why composting is important things now, Generally there are lot of Benefits of Composting , also here we can reduce waste generated and helps to environment by doing composting. following are top 5 Composting techniques which is most effective and peoples are using these techniques and methods

Top 5 composting techniques…

  • Compost Pit/ bin
  • In vessel Composting.
  • Trench Composting
  • Vermi-Composting
  • Solar Composting.

Compost Pit/ bin:

compost methode

compost pit is one of the composting techniques which is  same as trench method, there are two methodes of compost pit  you can make one block or one enclosed square type bin and add crushed waste into bin or compost pit , some carbon source will required for compost pit , after crushing waste add carbon source into crushed waste and make compost , it will take more time for composting but it gives best quality compost. and second method is Compost pits are one of the simplest methods of composting organic material for the garden, but they are labor intensive to set up. Once you select a site for your pit, you will need to dig the pit and then add the compost material, such as fruit and vegetable scraps and grass clippings. Once you fill the pit with compostable material, it requires minimal maintenance while the material decomposes into usable organic material for your garden and yard.

In vessel Composting.

tumbleronly Guidebest Compost Techniques.

in vessel composting techniques means composting can be done in vessel or bin, people may use Compost tumbler or Compost bin , it is enclosed with foam or high polyethylene. Compost Tumbler is one of the best example of in vessel Composting,  in vessel composting it is easy for mixing or turning , you can do natural compost by this methode.

In-vessel composting generally describes a group of methods that confine the composting materials within a building, container, or vessel, In-vessel composting systems can consist of metal or plastic tanks or concrete bunkers in which air flow and temperature can be controlled, using the principles of a “bioreactor“. Generally the air circulation is metered in via buried tubes that allow fresh air to be injected under pressure, with the exhaust being extracted through a biofilter, with temperature and moisture conditions monitored using probes in the mass to allow maintenance of optimum aerobic decomposition conditions.

This technique is generally used for municipal scale organic waste processing, including final treatment of sewage biosolids, to a safe stable state for reclamation as a soil amendment. In-vessel composting can also refer to aerated static pile composting with the addition of removable covers that enclose the piles, as with the system in extensive use by farmer groups in Thailand, supported by the National Science and Technology Development Agency there.

Offensive odors are caused by putrefaction (anaerobic decomposition) of nitrogenous animal and vegetable matter gassing off as ammonia. This is controlled with a higher carbon to nitrogen ratio, or increased aeration by ventilation, and use of a coarser grade of carbon material to allow better air circulation. Prevention and capture of any gases naturally occurring (volatile organic compounds) during the hot aerobic composting involved is the objective of the biofilter, and as the filtering material saturates over time, it can be used in the composting process and replaced with fresh material.

A more advanced systems design is able to limit the odor issues considerably, and it is also able to raise the total energy and resource output by integrating in-vessel composting with anaerobic digestion. Through anaerobic decomposition it is also possible to reduce pathogen levels similarly to that of traditional aerated composting when the anaerobic bioreactors operate at thermophilic temperatures, between 41 and 122 °C (106 and 252 °F).

Trench composting:

Composting methods

Trench composting techniques is old method and which  is effective method of composting, it is simple method and good idea to dispose wet waste that attract rodents such as meat, dairy, bread and cooked foods etc, also it is best way to dispose pet waste.

You dig a trench or any shape hole approximately 1 feet deep in an open space of your garden, add roughly four to six inches of compostable materials, such as kitchen scraps, spent garden plants, small prunings, thinnings, and weeds, and bury them with the soil you dug out of the trench or hole. burying your kitchen scraps directly into the soil, right in the garden. Dig a hole roughly 12 inches deep and wide enough to bury whatever scraps you have collected, dump in 4-6 inches of compostable material, and cover it back up with dirt.

Vermi-composting:

Composting methods

As a farmer’s friend, we have been learning since childhood about Earthworms and useful information about manure. some people cultivate a hobby of making compost while others learn about this fertilizer to increase the fertility of their land, today I am going to give you information about such Vermicomposting. It takes time for us to do our best to maintain the fertility of the soil. Currently we see that the soil fertility or its level has gone down by chemical treatment, we have learned about many technologies to make compost from wet waste, Earthworm manure is also a technology that we convert wet waste into compost, we use Earthworm to convert wet waste into compost. Uses. We say that Earthworm are the friend of the farmers as they help the farmers to increase their yield by increasing the fertility of the soil by producing proper fertilizer from the waste. at present, the government or the government forces the farmers to grow crops using chemical elements to relieve them, but as a result, the soil becomes accustomed to the chemical elements and the land becomes barren and it becomes very difficult to grow crops and this has adverse effects on the environment. The fertility of the soil is declining day by day. As a result, the cost of production has gone up drastically and as we see farmers going into debt, it is very important to increase the fertility of the land. You can increase soil fertility by using Vermicompost.

Solar Composting:

Solar compost machine:

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Basically the solar compost machine works on heat, mix, vent technology and carbon source.

The machine is divided into two parts, use the daily waste to fill the first part, it may take you 5 to 6 days, when the first part is full, you can use it to fill the second part, when the second part is full, you have to prepare compost in the first part. Yes, you can use this compost for the garden.

Solar powered composters are the best waste disposal manager in India, heating can be done with natural sunlight that maintains a temperature of 50 degrees Celsius, in the rainy season you have to add more carbon source to speed up composting, for mixing, you have to rotate crank Handel manually once in a day, for rotating cranking handle,  here provided high branded stainless steel shaft  with gear mechanism for operation.  machine will not stop working   under maintenance, Composting has a ventilation process to prevent odors, Composting can be made easier and faster due to ventilation. Carbon source is the main key or heart of composting, you need to add some carbon source to composting to increase the speed.  carbon source is basically a material made of branch such as sawdust, coat-peat, grass, dry leaves etc.

Solar is a free energy source we use to save and consume our electricity costs and to dispose of waste.

With the help of solar energy we can convert our daily waste into compost in less time.
The method is simple and yet effective. Garbage is first divided into wet waste and dry waste.
Wet waste was collected and divided into small particles to catalyze composting.

 

 

Composting ideas for gardening-garden Composting

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Garden Composting ideas for home – Composting ideas for garden & home

garden composting is creative composting ideas that we can make quick compost from techniques. 

IMG 20181031 175527 Guidebest Compost Techniques.

Garden composting has been around for tons of if not thousands of years. because of the exponential increase in population and also the demands that a industrial civilization need so as to sustain itself, the natural processes are put aside in relevancy fertilization of our soil in an endeavor to build up the assembly machine and at identical time forget however we tend to wont to merely go outside and start to plant our garden throughout the planting season.

With the increase of accelerating amounts of pesticides and alternative chemical imbalances in our industrialized food, there’s a quiet movement that’s growing additional loudly on a daily basis that’s moving toward a additional realistic society that involves memory however we tend to wont to produce the food that we tend to Ate everyday. Here are many recommendations on however you’ll be able to begin to make a really made soil for your new garden through Garden composting the straightforward approach.

Also Read: Compost guide for beginners

The first factor you ought to understand the aim of compost is that it’s wont to enhance the terribly structure of the soil itself. for example, a decent garden soil doesn’t have a tough, dry consistency thereto however it’s loose Associate in Nursingd capable of holding enough water for the plants furthermore as providing an adequate exit route for excess water and emptying. sensible quality compost will even be extra to the foremost clay crammed soils and improve their soil structure enough to yield high manufacturing quality crops. Moreover, garden composting can take your average garden and create it into a particularly fruitful and profitable garden if you decide on to plug your excess yields.

Another vital facet of the garden composting method is that the unleash of necessary nutrients like atomic number 7 to the soil and lots of UN agency use compost turn out glorious garden soil while not the necessity of any reasonably chemical in any respect. And whereas you’re doing this, you understand that not solely ar you saving cash by making compost with recycled garden waste, however {you ar|you’re} serving to the surroundings at identical time by not utilizing our several landfills for the organic material that we tend to are familiar with discard.

Now let’s get into however we will use house in our garden to start the composting method so later we will begin to combine it in and simply enter the planting method.

Most organic materials can decompose. you ought to use in your compost heap things like leaves, grass clippings, and any substance that’s organically based mostly like straw or fodder. From your room, you ought to add things like grounds, egg shells, which any organic material like left over vegetables that weren’t consumed.

If you’re a contractor, you’ll be able to even add a touch wood if you suspect that your atomic number 7 to carbon quantitative relation are too high. Obviously, don’t add residue from pets like dogs therein they’re terribly capable of passing sickness into your compost heap. conjointly don’t add things like grease or any milk merchandise as this may attract any close eutherian populations which can once more add diseases like Haunta virus to what you’re attempting to make.

Once you’re during a routine of adding these materials to your pile, you may need to wait many weeks for your ingredients to succeed in an explicit temperature. it’s throughout this stage that any remaining sickness or organisms are eliminated as a result of the pile will reach temperatures of a hundred and sixty .

Basically, this becomes reasonably a equalization act between the ingredients that you simply have extra and also the results that you simply want to attain. for example, if you have got an excessive amount of carbon-based material like paper or well aged manure your in your pile, your compost heap can have hassle reaching optimum temperatures so as to eliminate the bacterium that you simply are attempting to kill. Likewise, if you walk past your pile and smell the recent scent of ammonia, quite possible you have got an excessive amount of atomic number 7 within the pile. However, in the end, given enough time, your compost are created.

Once the compost heap is finished, you’ll be able to then begin admixture this together with your soil to counterpoint your garden space so your crops turn out plenteous and in record time. alternative prospects ar that you simply might use a trashcan or a structure like a box that you simply might create so as to carry your compost however if all you have got could be a tarpaulin that you simply will place over the compost so it doesn’t dry out, you’re in business in making the most effective material on earth for a self-made garden venture. Either way, following this terribly straightforward system for making your own compost can take little or no time or effort and can generate high yields for you and your organic horticulture family.

Composting | Coffee Grounds | Use for garden

Coffee Ground

Composting With Coffee Grounds-Use for garden

What is Coffee ground?

 
Coffee grounds use for garden
 
Used coffee grounds is the result of brewing coffee, and are the final product after preparation of coffee. Used coffee grounds are generally regarded as waste, and is usually thrown away or composted. Coffee grounds are a gift to the environment, we use the use it in a good way to help the plants get nutrients, so the plants get useful nutrition, and the plants grow well. This is one of the many types of composting, you can use coffee ground as the right type of compost.
 
 

How does the coffee grounds work?

The coffee grounds used is high in nitrogen and is called a green material, as all the minerals it uses provide significant nutritional benefits for growing plants. You can also use the used coffee ground to make compost, it is used as the most suitable for worms, in which the vermicomposting process works very well.

In gardens:

In gardens, coffee grounds may be used for Composting or as a mulch as they are known to slowly release nitrogen into the soil. The dry coffee grounds contain significant amounts of potassium (11.7 g/kg), magnesium (1.9 g/kg), and phosphorus (1.8 g/kg). They are especially appreciated by worm and acid- loving plants  , although due to acids being leached from the grounds while in use, they typically have a neutral pH. Used coffee ground are particularly noted as a soil amendment. Gardeners have reported the use of used coffee grounds as a slug and snail repellent, but this has not yet been scientifically tested. Some commercial coffee shops run initiatives to prevent the grounds from going to waste, including Starbucks‘ “Grounds for your Garden” project,and community sponsored initiatives exist, such as “Ground to Ground” or the ‘Green Coffee Shop Scheme’ in Cambridgeshire.Coffee grounds are very easy to use, you can grow different types of flowers and fruits in your garden, coffee ground have so much strength that it helps the plants to grow well from the roots, it helps to make very beautiful flowers and fruits.

Where can I get Coffee Ground?

In many cafe-making restaurants like Starbucks, coffee grounds are available for free. You can ask for coffee ground used in such restaurants to be used as compost for your garden. Take it and use it as fertilizer for your garden. when you use this for your garden you will be amazing after plants grow, there are lot of benefits of it.

 benefits of coffee ground:

  1. The benefit of  coffee grounds as a fertilizer is that it adds organic material to the soil, which improves drainage, water retention and aeration in the soil. 
  2. The used coffee ground will also help microorganisms beneficial to plant growth  also it helps to make vermi-composting easy. 
  3. most people are thinking that coffee ground lower the pH  of soil, which is good for acid loving plants. But this is only true for unwashed coffee ground.
  4. Many gardeners like to use used coffee grounds as a mulch for their plants.
 
there are more benefits of coffee ground for your plants, you just start with coffee grounds you will definitive get more advantageous of it.

There are several benefits of Composting, compost can use for good plant growth, so you can use coffee ground as fertilizer and it help to improve your soil health and plants & give good result. so if you found this is good information about Coffee ground then please Share our post to maximum people to know more about benefits of it,

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