How can we solve waste problem?
There are To many Techniques available in the Market to dispose or Solve the Waste Management Problems, waste can recycle, Reuse. We can Convert Waste to Compost or We Can make gas. today waste problem are becoming very serious, and ordinary peoples are ignoring it, every people are thinking that waste problem is to much difficult and it is not easy to solve, but waste problem would not be Problematic if every people are eager to dispose waste in there own way, so dispose of waste is also not difficult, to dispose waste in your way the first step is segregation.
Recycling is perhaps the best sustainable long term solution for the waste management issues.The inorganic waste collected can be considered as a fodder for recycling. Plastic, metal, Paper, E waste are easily recyclable and can be reused further. However Recycling is mostly undertaken by formal sector. Generally speaking, Plastic, glass and metal is exchanged with kabadiwala at household levels. The kabadiwalas act as a intermediate between waste processing centers. The rest of plastic and metal collected come from a array of informal workers called as ragpickers which also include children as well. Mumbai is home to one the biggest slums in the world called Dharavi slums which surprisingly works as an industrial recycling unit as well. Dharavi’s 13th compound an area which is associated with recycling since decades. It currently employs more than 5000 people in the recycling industry. The area acts as a big segregation plant with collection of plastic, plastic drums, iron scrap, cotton scrap, empty bottles, glass etc.
Composting signifies biological decomposition of organic material. Microorganisms decompose the organic material to a stabilized product, i.e. compost. The end product can be used as soil conditioner. The compost generated consists of useful bacteria which can help plants with numerous benefits such as nitrogen fixation, helps soil for water retention, adds nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Thus benefits of compost are numerous and unlike the above alternatives this method seems viable and sustainable in the long run. It is also in sync with nature in general. Composting has the following benefits to agriculture and environment.
· Directs waste away from landfills resulting in
· less accumulation of garbage and reduces leach ate
· production (which could contaminate underground resources )
· Reduces foul odors
· Avoids methane production in landfills
· Helps in afforestation programme and
· increases the suitability of plants.
· Reduces need for landfill space*
Helps maintain soil PH levels
· Adds water retention capacity of the soil
· Adds organic matter, humus which supplements the soil.
· Reduces fertilizer requirement
· Provides a market for compost making and
· selling thus creating an extra income for the farmers
· Compost attracts earthworms thus helping in better soil aeration.
· Helps restore soil conditions as microbes are affected
· with high usage of chemical fertilizers.